Skip to main content

Gender and Material Culture

August 19, 2020

The Female Artisan Gu Erniang and the Craft of Inkstone Making in Early Modern China

This talk by Dorothy Ko (History|Barnard), focuses on the career of Gu Erniang, the most famous female inkstone-maker in the history of the craft, as well as her relationship with her male patrons and collectors. The collaboration between artisans and scholars announced a new social order in which the hierarchy of "head" over "hand" no longer predominated.

The Annual Hu Shih Distinguished Lecture, 2019-2020 was given by Professor Dorothy Ko, History, Barnard College. Her talk was titled, Gender and Material Culture: The Female Artisan Gu Erniang and the Craft of Inkstone-Making in Early Modern China. This event was co-sponsored by the Department of History.


An inkstone, a piece of polished stone no bigger than an outstretched hand, is an instrument for grinding ink on every writer’s and painter’s desk in East Asia before the invention of fountain pens. It is also a collectible object of art, a token of exchange between friends or sovereign states, and an inscriptional surface on which texts and images are carved and reproduced. As such the inkstone is entangled with elite masculinity and the culture of wen (culture, literature, civility) in China, Korea, and Japan for over a millennium. Curiously, such a ubiquitous object in East Asia is virtually unknown in Europe and America. In introducing the hidden history and cultural significance of the inkstone, this talk also puts the effaced stonecutters and artisans on center stage while revealing the workings of the Qing “material empire”. - Dorothy Ko

Dorothy Y. Ko, professor of history, joined the faculty of Barnard in 2001. In addition to her teaching duties for the department of history, she is affiliated with the Barnard Women's. Gender and Sexuality Studies department. Prior to coming to Barnard, she taught at the University of California at San Diego and at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. Her teaching at Barnard includes such courses as "Gender and Power in China," "Body Histories: The Case of Footbinding," "Chinese Cultural History," "Fashion," and "Feminisms in China."Professor Ko is a cultural historian who specializes in gender and body in early modern China. Her current research focuses on women's artistry and skills in textiles, which constitute an alternative knowledge system to male-centered textual scholarship. Her teaching interests also include the history of women and gender in East Asia; feminist theories; and visual and material cultures. 

Additional Information


  • EAP Media